The Second World War lasted for six years and ended in the defeat of Germany by the Allies. During this war there were many important battles that had a great effect on the war and perhaps sometimes to shortlist five critical battles can be a hard task. But the battles listed below had a profound effect on the conduct of the war and deserve mention.
The next day it was front-page in all the dailies: “Tunku speaks fluent Thai,” together with the comment that Tunku also pointed out Malaysian journalist Kim Gooi who was jailed in Burma whom he knows.
However what has pained the hearts of all Indians is, that General Deepak Kapoor a four star general and head of the Indian Army Exams till he retired last year, is one of the beneficiaries of this scam. He has taken a flat in this building, knowing fully well that he was not entitled to it. In the bargain by this one single act he has demeaned the high status of the Chief of indian army exams. The Indian Army Result has had a distinguished record, as well as being one of the largest standing armies in the world. This army has won accolades in the battles on the Afghan frontier and the two world wars. After India gained independence the Army has waged successful wars for the liberation of Kashmir and Bangladesh.
To overcome the problem of transportation and to save time a Narrow Gauge railway line was laid. The railway track extended for a distance of 32 km with its own set of locomotives and wagons. The Madras Sappers or the Madras Engineers helped a lot in the construction of the Railway line and other requirements. Finally the army crossed all the plains, farmlands, plateaus and hills and landed at the mountain of Magdala. This was the site where the battle took place.
Ma was an admirer of the Tunku and I suggested to him to present the Shan army commanders’ walking stick to Tunku. It is a beautiful rattan cane as thick as a toe with a curve handle. All the commanders carry one into battle and Khun Sa carried one whenever he inspected his troops.
The Sikhs appeared during the Mughal rule and generally kept to themselves .However with the Advent of Aurangzeb and his policy of persecution, made the Sikhs take up arms against the Mughals. But it was best a hit and run affair as the Sikhs could not match the Imperial Mughal Army. But with the weakening of the Mughall rule after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, the Sikhs began to assert themselves and increasingly became the Masters of the Punjab. Ranjit Singh soon took over the Punjab and with the blessings of Shah Shuja proclaimed himself Maharaja at Lahore.
An analysis shows that the Sikhs fought with tremendous bravery but without following the principles of war the Sikh army could not press home their advantage. They were defeated. Subsequent battles at Aliwal, Sabraon and Chillianwala (second Anglo Sikh war) met with the same fate. The generalship was poor and there appeared to be a surprising lack of will among the top echelons of the Sikh army to defeat the British. Planning so essential in a campaign was conspicuously absent. Thus one of the fundamental principles of war was conspicuously ignored.
After the phasing out of the Canberra the IAF has no long or medium range bomber. The set of aircraft with the IAF are only the fighter bombers that are good for close support and cannot carry out interdiction or strategic bombing. This lacuna needs to be addressed as China has a missile complex and long range bombers. Incidentally the Indian missile program is also capped at 3000 miles, which is again difficult to comprehend. Sometime back the earlier air chief PV Naik commented on this as foolhardy. This is because the Indian leadership lacks the concept of a Global power.